Types of Mold in the Home

Types of Mold in the Home

Mold is prevalent in the outdoors, and that’s actually a good thing. Mold plays an important role in our natural environment. They work to break down organic matter such as dead trees and fallen leaves. However, mold growing inside your New Jersey home should be stopped. Mold reproduces through microscopic spores, and it’s these mold spores that cause mold to grow indoors when they travel through the air and land on various surfaces within your home. Mold thrives where there is moisture, which is why you need to control the moisture that occurs in your house. There are quite a few types of mold that can grow indoors. Following is information regarding the most prevalent types of mold in the home from companies that specialize in mold inspection in New Jersey.

Stachybotrys chartarum

Stachybotrys chartarum is listed here first because of its ability to kill. Make no mistake—this type of mold, also referred to as ‘black mold’—can lead to death if inhaled. If you see mold in your home that is slimy and black or blackish green in color, contact a company immediately that specializes in mold inspection and mold removal; the health of you and your loved ones is at stake. Many people think that this type of mold is toxic, but the fact is that it is the toxic compounds that Stachybotrys chartarum produces that are toxic. In fact, mold are not toxic; they are toxigenic, which means they can produce toxins. These compounds are called ‘mycotoxins, and their presence can lead to such health problems as severe breathing problems, allergic reactions, confusion and other types of brain damage, asthma attacks, fatigue, and depression. Stachybotrys chartarum has a musty odor that is not difficult to detect in the air. This type of mold often is found indoors in moist spaces such as in leaky pipes and air conditioning ducts, and it occurs most often in homes that have sustained water damage such as from flooding.


Penicillium is another type of ubiquitous outdoor mold that also can grow indoors, typically in structures that have sustained water damage as in floods or heavy rainfalls. Penicillium can be found on such furniture items as mattresses, as well as on insulation, carpeting, and wallpaper. In fact, it can grow so prevalently on carpet that mold inspection companies typically recommend that homeowners rip out all carpeting in areas that contain moisture such as bathrooms, kitchens, and particularly basements, replacing them with area rugs.

Absidia corymbifera

Absidia corymbifera is found in plant matter, compost, and soil. This type of mold grows indoors on carpets and other fabrics, and it can even grow on such matter as bird droppings. The health risks associated with Absidia corymbifera’s spores include skin and respiratory problems, and this type of mold poses a particular risk to individuals whose immune systems have been weakened, such as those who have Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) as well as in elderly individuals with compromised immune systems.


This type of mold is quite prevalent in outdoor environments, but it can be found indoors, particularly in bathrooms in showers, under sinks, and in leaky pipes. Structures that have sustained water-related damage such as in flooding also tend to see this type of mold, whose spores can lead to such health problems as asthma attacks and allergic reactions.


This type of mold is characteristic for its musty odor. It can grow on carpets, around window frames, and on drywall. Chaetomium is another type of mold that typically grows in buildings that have sustained water damage in floods, rainfalls, or other water-related events.

Though all of the most common types of mold that can grow inside your home are not the ‘black mold’ or ‘toxic’ kind, it’s still important to have a professional determine which types of mold are occurring within your home. In fact, because they are not necessarily lethal, most of these types of mold actually can cause more harm to your health simply because they are not taken as seriously as are those referred to as ‘black mold.’ The health problems associated with these common types of mold that are often considered less harmless than Stachybotrys chartarum come with a host of symptoms that may not be as noticeable as those of black mold. For these and other important reasons, it is vital that, as a homeowner, you seek help from a company that specializes in mold removal in New Jersey as soon as you suspect your home contains any type of mold.